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英语八年级unit11知识讲解 与练习
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unit 11    could you please clean your room?
【单元话题】
1. 学习向别人提出请求的礼貌语言.
2. 学习如何争得别人的允许或许可.
3. 能写出一篇短信, 要求你的朋友或家人当你不在时为你所做的事情.
【重要句型概览】
1. could you please clean your room? yes, sure.
2. could you please do the dishes?
sorry, i can’t. i have to do my homework.
3. could i please go to the movies? yes, you can.
4. could i please use the car?  no, you can’t. i have to go out.
【重要词组概览】
do the dishes
sweep the floor
take out the trash
fold your clothes   
clean the living room
do chores
get a ride  
have to do sth.
forget to do sth.
do the laundry
hate to do (doing) sth.
like to do (doing) sth.
make dinner
make your bed
invite sb to a place
take sb. for a walk
play with sb.
give sb sth.=give sth to sb
take care of= look after
【语法聚焦】
表示请求、允许、许可
表示允许时用can, could, may, might表达。它们没有时态上的差别,只是could比can, might比may语气上要客气。(用can或could表示“许可”,虽然很普通,但在正式、庄重的场合用may。)
例如:
●a: could i borrow your dictionary? 劳驾,我可以借你的字典用用吗?
 b: yes, of course (you can).当然可以。
●can表示“允许、许可”时,和may的意思相近,即can=may.
 此时的否定式是can’t (=must not)
●could/can you please tell me how to get to the post office?
 劳驾,您能告诉我怎么去邮局吗?
●mr li asked me whether i could go with him.李先生问我是否可以和他一起去。(此句中的could不能用can代替。)
表示请求时还可以用句型:will/would you …? 请(为我)……好吗?
该句型用于请求对方做某事。 would you…?比较客气。语气比will you…?要委婉。
例如:
●will you pass me the spoon? 请把勺子递给我好吗?
●would you lend me your dictionary? 请借你的词典用一下好吗?
答句为:
yes, i will. 是的,可以。
sure. 当然了。
all right.好啊。
certainly.当然可以。
yes, please. 好的,可以。
no, i won’t. 不,不行。
i’m sorry. i can’t. 对不起, 不行。
no, thank you. 不了,谢谢。
●shall i …? 我要…吗?
 shall we…? 我们一起 …好吗?
 shall we…? 与let’s…. 意思上很相近。
 shall i carry it for you? 我来帮你搬它好吗?
 yes, please./ yes, thank you.好吧。/好吧,谢谢。
 shall we sing a song?我们唱一支歌好吗?
 no, let’s not. 不, 别唱了。

【能力测试】
一. 选择填空
1. a: could you please sweep the floor?
   b: _______. i have to do my homework.
a. yes, sure. b. why not? c. sorry, you can’t d. sorry, i can’t
2. a: could you please buy _______ drinks and snacks?
   b: sorry. i don’t have _______ money.
a. some, any b. any, any c. some, some  d. any, some
3. nancy, thanks for _________ care of my goldfish.
a. take b. takes c. taking  d. took
4. we’ll have _____________ to do in english class.
a. something different  b. different something
c. anything different  d. different anything
5. this shirt is a little ___________ than that one.
a. cheap b. cheaper c. the cheapest d. cheapest
6. a: could i please ___________________?
   b: sorry, you can’t. your father has to use it.
a. do chores b. go to the movies  c. use the car d. go to school
7. yao ming was born _______ september 12,1980.
a. on   b. in   c. at   d. of
8. there ________ any sharks in the aquarium.
a. are  b. aren’t  c. isn’t d. is
9. “how was the movie?” “it was ________. i don’t like it”.
a. funny b. good c. well d. boring
10. ______ readers said they were going to learn a new language.
a. a little  b. little  c. few  d. a few
11. you look tired. you need ________ a good rest.
a. has  b. have  c. to have  d. having
12. beckham is a popular soccer ___________.
a. singer  b. actor c. player  d. doctor
13. i ___________ my aunt in australia this winter vacation.
a. visit  b. am going to visit c. visited  d. was going to visit
14. don’t forget _______ the lights when you leave.
a. to turn off b. turning off c. turn off  d. turned off
15. i like ________ the car because i can be outside.
a. wash  b. washing  c. washes  d. washed
二. 完型填空
we got over 1,000  1 , faxes, and e-mails from our readers about their new year’s resolutions. thank you! many readers are going to work  2in school this year. lots of readers are going to  3. some readers said they were going to eat  4vegetables. a few readers  5they were going to learn a new language. some  6said they were going to exercise more to keep fit. some  7said they were going to study the subjects their children learn at school. they said they  8to communicate better with their kids. an old lady said she found a job
 9a foreign language teacher. she is going to  10a teaching job in china next year.
(  ) 1. a. stamps b. fruits c. letters
(  ) 2. a. hard b. harder c. hardest
(  ) 3. a. play sports b. play games c. play with
(  ) 4. a. many b. more c. a little
(  ) 5. a. say  b. says c. said
(  ) 6. a. girls b. boys c. men
(  ) 7. a. fathers b. mothers c. parents
(  ) 8. a. want b. wanted c. wants
(  ) 9. a. like b. as c. for
(  )10. a. look for b. look at c. find
三. 阅读理解
(a)
betty is an american school girl. she is very happy because her parents will take her to china for a visit. they are going to fly from new york on june 30 and get to beijing on july 1. they will stay at lido holiday inn. their chinese friends will show them around beijing. they are going to visit the palace museum, the summer palace, the temple of heaven and the great wall. they will also visit some chinese homes and try some chinese food. they will spend a week in beijing and then go to xi’an, guilin and some other places for sightseeing. the whole trip will take three weeks and she is sure she will have a great time in china.
1. betty is very happy because she will _______ with her parents.
    a. visit china    b. go home     c. watch tv
2. their _______ friends will show them around beijing.
   a. australian      b. chinese      c. american
3. from the text we can know that they will _______ in beijing.
   a. cook chinese food    b. learn to speak chinese  c. try some chinese food
4. after they visit beijing , they will go to ___________.
   a. xi’an and guilin     b. the summer palace      c. shanghai
5. how long will the whole trip take?
   a. one week       b. two weeks       c. three weeks
(b)
阅读短文,完成下列表格
hello, everyone. here is something important for everyone going to london next month. as you know, you are going to stay with a family for two weeks. now, the most important thing is money. you should take about $530 with you. i think it will be enough for everyone. then, when you arrive, your new family will meet you. you must remember to wear a red shirt, so the family will find you easily. they’ve been told you all wear red shirts. you’ll also need to take with you 4 photos of yourself and, of course, it’s very important that you take the school letter. while you’re there, if you have any problems, you can call leech school office. i’ll give you the office phone number now: it’s 580-4436 and the person to ask for is mrs belcher…she’s in the office from nine o’clock in the morning until five in the afternoon every day. ok. that’s everything. have a good journey!
 
1. where are they going? to   
2. how long are they going to stay there? for   
3. why must they wear red shirts? because the family__________ them_______________   
4. what’s the school office telephone number?     
5. what could mrs belcher’s job be according to the reading? she could be a (an)  
四. 家务劳动包括哪些内容?写词组例如: the chores includes:
1) ________________________
2) ________________________
3) ________________________
4) ________________________
5) ________________________
 五. 连词成句
1. take out, could, please , you , trash , the
____________________________________________________________________?
2. are , i , and , parents , my , going , tomorrow , vacation , on
____________________________________________________________________.
3. i , please , movies , go , could , to , the
____________________________________________________________________?
4. you , often , the , clean , room, do
____________________________________________________________________?
5. but, have , you , to , your , finish , first , homework
____________________________________________________________________.
六. 书面表达(10’)
这个周末你与父母去海滨度假, 你的宠物小狗需要好友ted帮忙照顾。请用下面的提示词给ted写份留言。
take care of , take for a walk, feed and give some water, play with him, clean …

                   参考答案:
一.1. d2. a 3. c4. a5. b 6. c 7. a 8. b 9. d 10. d 11. c12. c13. b14. a15. b
二.1. c2. b 3. a4. b5. c 6. a 7. c8. b 9. b 10. a
三.(a) 1. a2. b3. c4. a5. c
   (b) 1. to london.
       2. for two weeks.
       3. because the family will find them easily.
       4. 580-4436
       5. she could be a teacher/ an officer.
四. 1. do the dishes
    2. sweep the floor
    3. take out the trash
    4. make my own bed
    5. fold my clothes/clean the living room
五.1. could you please take out the trash?
   2. my parents and i are going on vacation tomorrow.
   3. could i please go to the movies?
   4. do you often clean the room?
   5. but you have to finish your homework first.
六.
ted,
thanks for taking care of my dog. could you please do these things every day? take him for a walk, give him water and feed him. then wash his bowl. play with him. don’t forget to clean his bed. have fun! i’ll see you next week.
thanks,
lin lin



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